Medical Care Solutions With a Focus on Cardiology

Arrhythmia Ablations

Cardiac ablation is a procedure that can correct heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias). Cardiac ablation works by scarring or freezing tissue in your heart that triggers or sustains an abnormal heart rhythm.

Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation, known as AF or Afib, is an irregular, rapid heart rate that may cause symptoms like heart palpitations, fatigue, and shortness of breath. AF occurs when the upper chambers of the heart (atria) beat out of rhythm.

Cardiac Clearance

Cardiac Risk Stratification is a very broad topic but simply can be defined as an assessment used to evaluate a patient's risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiac Tumors

Cardiac tumors are abnormal growths in the heart or heart valves. There are many types of cardiac tumors. But, cardiac tumors, in general, are rare. The tumors can be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign). Tumors that begin growing in the heart and stay there are called primary tumors.


Cardioversion is a medical procedure that restores a normal heart rhythm in people with certain types of abnormal heartbeats (arrhythmias). Cardioversion is usually done by sending electric shocks to your heart through electrodes placed on your chest.


Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle that makes it harder for your heart to pump blood to the rest of your body. Cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure. The main types of cardiomyopathy include dilated, hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathy.

Coronary Angiography/PCI

Coronary angiography is a procedure that uses contrast dye, usually containing iodine, and x-ray pictures to detect blockages in the coronary arteries that are caused by plaque buildup. ... If you are having a heart attack, coronary angiography can help your doctors plan your treatment.

Coronary Disease

Impedance or blockage of one or more arteries that supply blood to the heart, usually due to atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). Abbreviated CAD. A major cause of illness and death, CAD begins when hard cholesterol substances (plaques) are deposited within a coronary artery.

Defibrillator Implantation/Follow up

ICDs detect and stop abnormal heartbeats (arrhythmias). The device continuously monitors your heartbeat and delivers electrical pulses to restore a normal heart rhythm when necessary. An ICD differs from a pacemaker — another implantable device used to help control abnormal heart rhythms.


An echocardiogram (also called an echo) is a type of ultrasound test that uses high-pitched sound waves that are sent through a device called a transducer. The device picks up echoes of the sound waves as they bounce off the different parts of your heart. These echoes are turned into moving pictures of your heart that can be seen on a video screen.


An electrocardiogram, also called an EKG or ECG, is a simple test that detects and records the electrical activity of the heart. It is used to detect and locate the source of heart problems. An EKG shows how fast the heart is beating. It shows the heart’s rhythm (steady or irregular) and where in the body the heartbeat is being recorded. It also records the strength and timing of the electrical signals as they pass through each part of the heart.

Heart Arrhythmias:

Group of conditions in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast or too slow. ... Many types of arrhythmia have no symptoms. When symptoms are present, these may include palpitations or feeling a pause between heartbeats.

Heart Monitoring

Holter Monitor. A Holter monitor is a portable EKG that monitors the electrical activity of a freely moving person's heart generally for one to two days, 24 ours a day. It is most often used when the doctor suspects an abnormal heart rhythm or ischemia (not enough blood flow to the heart muscle).
It is a painless test; electrodes from the monitor are taped to the skin. Once the monitor is in place, you can go home and perform all of your normal activities (except showering). You will be asked to keep a diary of your activities and any symptoms you experience and when they occur.

Event Recorder. If your symptoms are infrequent your doctor may suggest an event monitor. This is a device that, when you push a button, will record and store the heart's electrical activity for a few minutes. Each time you develop symptoms you should try to get a reading on the monitor. They are typically used for one month. This information can later by transmitted by telephone to the doctor for interpretation.


• Mobile Cardiac Telemetry (MCT) ...
• Insertable Cardiac Monitor (ICM)


Hyperlipidemia is a major risk factor for heart disease, the leading cause of death in the U.S. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is known as bad cholesterol, while high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is considered good. ... Hyperlipidemia refers to heightened levels of 'bad' cholesterol, or ...


Known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.

Loop Recorder Implantation/Follow up

An implantable loop recorder (ILR), also known as an insertable cardiac monitor, is a small device about the size of a pack of chewing gum or USB memory stick that is implanted just under the skin of the chest for cardiac monitoring (that is, to record the heart's electrical activity).

Pacemaker Implantation/Follow up

Implantation of a small electronic device that is usually placed in the chest (just below the collarbone) to help regulate slow electrical problems with the heart. A pacemaker may be recommended to ensure that the heartbeat does not slow to a dangerously low rate.


Heart palpitations are the feelings of having a fast-beating, fluttering or pounding heart. ... In rare cases, they can be a symptom of a more serious heart condition, such as an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) that might require treatment.

Pre-op Clearance

Medical clearance” is when a surgeon requests clearance from an assessing physician before performing surgery on a patient. ... They may discuss changes in medical management that should be made to decrease risk.


Partial or complete loss of consciousness with interruption of awareness of oneself and one's surroundings (faint)

Stress test

Stress echocardiogram. During this test, an echocardiogram is done both before and after your heart is stressed either by having you exercise or by injecting a medicine that makes your heart beat harder and faster. A stress echocardiogram is usually done to find out if you might have decreased blood flow to your heart (coronary artery disease, or CAD).

Supra Ventricular Tachycardia

Abnormally fast heart rhythm arising from improper electrical activity in the upper part of the heart. There are four main types: atrial fibrillation, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), atrial flutter, and Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome.

Ventricular Tachycardia

Very fast heart rhythm that begins in the ventricles. ... Ventricular tachycardia is a pulse of more than 100 beats per minute with at least three irregular heartbeats in a row. It is caused by a malfunction in the heart's electrical system.


Phlebotomy is the act of drawing or removing blood from the circulatory system through a puncture in order to obtain a sample for analysis and diagnosis.

CardioSmart is a patient education site of the American College of Cardiology. Their mission is to engage, inform, and empower patients to better prepare them for participation in their own care. They are committed to providing visitors to their site with accurate, un-biased information in an advertising-free environment. We hope you enjoy visiting their site and find it a useful extension of your relationship with us. (Information also in Espanol)

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